Detroit, Mich., Apr 4, 2017 / 03:04 am (CNA/EWTN News).- Earlier this year, the International Marian Association submitted a request to Pope Francis, asking for the public recognition of the title of Mary as “Co-Redemptrix with Jesus the Redeemer.”
The 10-page document was submitted by the Theological Commission of the International Marian Association, a group of more than 100 theologians, bishops, priests, religious, and lay leaders from over 20 countries dedicated to the “full truth and love of Mary, Mother of Jesus.” It comes during the 100th year anniversary of the Marian apparitions at Fatima, Portugal.
The significance of the request, if it were to receive approval, is that the faithful would be given further clarity on Mary’s unique role in cooperation with Christ in the work of redemption, Dr. Robert Fastiggi, Professor of Mariology at Sacred Heart Seminary in Detroit, told CNA.
“I think many people sense the spread of evil in the world and see the importance of highlighting Mary’s role as spiritual Mother,” Dr. Fastiggi said in e-mail comments.
“A papal statement on Marian coredemption would deepen our understanding of Mary’s role as the New Eve who collaborates with her Son, the New Adam, ‘in giving back supernatural life to souls,’” he added, referring to the Vatican II document Lumen Gentium.
The title can be traced back to the 10th century, when some Marian litanies included the title of Mary as Redemptrix, along with her son. It was a development of the idea of Mary as the “New Eve,” a Marian title that has been used since the 2nd century. The prefix of “co-” was added by the 15th century, to clarify that Mary was not the Redeemer, but rather someone who uniquely cooperated in the work of redemption.
“The Co-Redemptrix title never places Mary on a level of equality with Jesus Christ, the only divine Redeemer, as to do so would constitute both heresy and blasphemy,” the Association stated in a press release announcing the request.
“The Co-Redemptrix title is meaningless without Jesus the Redeemer, and in itself focuses upon the Cross of Jesus Christ. Mary Co-Redemptrix proclaims to the world that suffering is redemptive when united to the sufferings of Christ.”
After the prefix was added, title continued to catch on, so much so that the 17th century considered the “golden age” of the title of Mary as Co-Redemptrix. Still, it didn’t receive magisterial recognition until 1908, when the Sacred Congregation for Rites used it in a decree elevating the rank of the Feast of the Seven Sorrows of Mary.
Since then, it has been referenced multiple times by the Magisterium, including during the second Vatican council, which ultimately decided against any formal recognition of the title in the document Lumen Gentium.
“The term, however was not rejected because it was false. In the praenotanda or explanatory note that accompanied the first Marian schema of 1962, we are told that, ‘Certain terms and expressions used by Roman Pontiffs have been omitted, which, although most true in themselves (in se verissima), may be difficult for the separated brethren (as in the case of the Protestants) to understand,’” Dr. Fastiggi explained.
“The Council, therefore, recognized the importance of further development and clarification on certain points of Marian doctrine. A papal statement on Marian co-redemption would provide greater clarity on Mary’s unique cooperation with Christ in the work of redemption and the mediation of grace. It would also open the way for many graces in the life of the Church.”
Popes often grant formal papal recognition to help deepen the theological understanding of the faithful, such as when Bl. Pope Paul VI proclaimed Mary as “Mother of the Church” in 1964.
“The invocation of Mary under various titles like ‘Mother of God’ and ‘Help of Christians’ reinforces Mary’s role in the mystery of salvation,” Dr. Fastiggi noted.
Unfortunately, Dr. Fastiggi said, many Catholics are unaware of the recognition that the title “Co-Redemptrix” has already received so much informal recognition from the magisterium.
“Some are even under the impression that we are not allowed to call Mary ‘Co-Redemptrix’—even though two popes, namely Pius XI (3 times) and St. John Paul II (at least 6 times), have publicly referred to Mary as ‘Co-Redemptrix,’” he said.
And while there are concerns that the title could further confuse Protestants and others who disagree with Catholic teaching on Mary, Dr. Fastiggi believes a formal recognition of the title would actually help with further clarification.
“A formal papal statement would also serve the cause of ecumenism because it would help other Christians know that the Catholic Church clearly distinguishes between the saving work of Christ as the one Savior and Mediator (1 Tim 2: 5–6) and the Blessed Mother’s secondary, dependent but utterly unique cooperation with Christ in the work of redemption and the mediation of grace,” he said.
In a press release announcing the request, the International Marian Association said: “We believe that a public acknowledgement of Mary’s true and continuous role with Jesus in the saving work of Redemption would justly celebrate the role of humanity in God's saving plan; foster greater devotion to the Mother of God; and lead to the release of historic graces through an even more powerful exercise of Our Lady’s maternal roles of intercession for the Church and for all humanity today.”
While the request could lead to a new Marian dogma, Dr. Fastiggi said the Association would likely be happy with any form of formal papal recognition of the title.
“The members of Association realize that it’s up to the Holy Spirit to guide the Holy Father with regard to this petition. In this regard, prayer and trust are essential,” he said.
“We trust in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Father, and the prayers of the Blessed Virgin Mary, who is our spiritual Mother. May God’s will be done.”
I support the title for Our Queen of Heaven.
LYING HEBREWS . . . I suggest the story in the Bible of God promising the Holy Land to the Hebrews - who had escaped from slavery in Egypt - is a blasphemous lie - a concoction by perfidious Jews - to swindle pseudo-scholars. I suggest the God who created Heaven and Earth NEVER promised Jews any such thing. God has NEVER promised anyone any such thing as grabbing the land from one to give it to another. God is a God of Justice. The perfidious Jews have misrepresented God - in a gigantic lie - to benefit themselves.
IT IS TIME to call the story of Moses and the wandering Jews for what it is - AN UNGODLY LIE. I believe the Jewish story is playing around with an account of so-called history - to benefit themselves.
The perfidious Jews have boldly PUT WORDS into the mouth of GOD - a horrendous blasphemy - for which they will be held accountable. The Almighty God who created TIME and all of human history, I believe, does promise ETERNAL LIFE and possession of a place in the ETERNAL REALM to anyone who embraces TRUTH and LOVE. The Jews of Moses' time wrote an account of what they WANTED to hear NOT WHAT THEY DID HEAR! The lying Jews - the stiff-necked, stubborn Jews - worship themselves - and call the lie they have represented as the truth. Their lie has been a colossal prevarication - to mislead the gullible.
The Zionist Israelis - and their worldwide Jewish lobby - are, in fact, dishonorable tellers of ungodly stories. They will never possess the Holy Land in peace. GOD blesses only those who worship and serve the ABSOLUTE truth. It is time to throw out the Moses story and every particle of untruth built with lying consciences upon it. In Jesus' Name. Amen.
Whether Quetzalcoatl of the prehistoric Americas was the incarnate God of the Western Hemisphere while Jesus of Nazareth was the incarnation of God who became Lord of the Eastern Hemisphere can be a topic of meditation for religious contemplatives, it is known that Teotihuacan was believed to be where the gods were born while Jesus taught the Hebrews they were gods (John 10:34).
Prehistoric man, scholars believe, in the West did live together in peace at one time. Jesus encouraged eastern humans to return to their prehistoric early behavior in the primordial Garden of Eden. Man was created "very good" by the God of the Hebrews. Repentance to their state before Original Sin was preached by John the Baptiser, the forerunner of Jesus.
If a written record existed, perhaps Quetzalcoatl urged the descendants of the prehistoric natives of Teotihuacan to recall and act out their divine origin. Beyond the topic for contemplation, can there be any doubt modern-day Americans, and certainly, Mexicans, and the inhabitants of the original Holy Land of the Middle East, the Israelis and the Palestinians, should return to their peaceable origins? All humans - on both sides of the Atlantic - should renounce hostile behavior.
All should relearn how to live together in peace. All humans are GODS. They should live in perfect peace, with justice and with mercy. Quetzalcoatl and Jesus would want this. Living thusly becomes those who are divine.
A Younger Brother Tony Hearn
Comments from March
Return to Tony's Journal
Current Email Address
To Tony Hearn
© 2017 by Tony Hearn
This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information go to: Cornell Law School. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.